State & Federal
Two major east-west highways traverse Eureka County. Interstate 80 crosses through the northern part of the County; U.S. Highway 50 connects the Town of Eureka with Ely and continues on through Carson City to Sacramento. Nevada State Route 278 is the primary north-south link in the County, intersecting U.S. 50 at Eureka and I-80 at Carlin. Nevada 306 connects Crescent Valley to I-80 through Beowawe in the northern part of the County. In addition, the Eureka County Road Department maintains 800 miles of main and general county roads.
Common carriers provide a number of transportation services to the community including:
Bus service. Eureka County, in cooperation with the Nevada Department of Transportation (NDOT) has recently completed a transportation needs assessment for the area. The study indicates a demand by Eureka County residents for public transit services between Eureka and destinations such as Ely, Elko, Reno, and Las Vegas. Currently, the county and NDOT are developing an implementation plan to provide transit service in the County. Currently, there is no bus service in Eureka County.
Senior Services. The Senior Center Van Program, operated by the two Eureka County senior centers, provides pick up and meal delivery service. Seniors residing in the town of Eureka also receive monthly transportation services to Elko and Reno for shopping and special events. Seniors within a five-mile radius of Crescent Valley receive transportation services to the senior center and medical clinic. All seniors in northern Eureka County receive transportation to Elko for shopping and special events.
Rail service. The Union Pacific Rail Road tracks pass through Eureka County near the Humboldt River and Beowawe, where freight service is available. The nearest Amtrak passenger service is available in Elko.
Air service. Eureka County supports two airports which provide access to air transportation for the communities of Eureka and Crescent Valley. The general aviation airport is located eight miles north of Eureka off State Highway 278 at the elevation of 5,946 feet. The runway is paved and lighted and is 7,400 feet long. During 1996, a hanger and shop, apartment for a fixed base operator and/or caretaker, and fuel tanks were constructed with grant funds. Eureka County has retained a fixed-base operator.
The nearest commercial service available to residents of southern Eureka County is provided in Ely (Yelland Field) with one round trip flight to Las Vegas daily. Ely is located 77 miles from Eureka. Elko Municipal (J. C. Harris Field) provides commercial service to northern Eureka County residents. Elko is approximately 128 miles from Eureka and approximately 55 miles from Crescent Valley.
There is one unpaved runway at the Crescent Valley Airport. The airport is located at an elevation of 4,787 feet and is a tenth of a mile from the town of Crescent Valley.
Motor Vehicles. Private automobiles lead all other common carriers as the major source of transportation for the people living in Eureka County. In 2001, 1,769 cars and trucks were registered in Eureka County. Based on 1990 Census data, 96.5 percent of all households had access to at least one motor vehicle and two of every three households had access to two or more vehicles.
Source: Eureka County Assisted Living Facility Feasibility Study
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