State & Federal
The population of Eureka County has fluctuated significantly with the boom and bust patterns of mining activity common to the area. A decline in mining activity caused the county population to steadily drop from 1,350 residents in 1920 to a low of 767 people in 1960. Since 1960, however, the county population has steadily increased. Both the decade of the sixties and the decade of the seventies witnessed growth of over 23 percent, and during the eighties the County's population grew by 29 percent.
Growth rates slowed appreciably in the nineties, with the county seeing a population increase of only 6.7 percent (104 people) from 1990 to 2000, according to 2000 census data. This was in contrast to the overall growth of the state, which realized the highest percentage population growth rate in the nation (66.3 percent). Current projections are predicting a similarly slow growth rate for Eureka County in the next decade.
Eureka County's population since 1920:
Population EstimatesThe majority of the County's residents live in the unincorporated town and county seat of Eureka, located in the southeastern corner of the county. The balance of county residents live primarily in Crescent Valley and Beowawe in northern Eureka County. The census reported 1,103 persons living in the Eureka census county division (CCD) and 548 persons in the Beowawe CCD.
Population Distribution by Age and Sex (2000)
Comparative review of 2000 census data indicates the overall demographic composition of Eureka County is similar to that of the State and the Nation. The most significant difference can be seen in the population distribution of race. The County is predominately Caucasian (over 92 percent) with the remaining non-Caucasians being mostly American Indians. Statewide and nationally, minorities comprise a much higher share of the population.
While the overall population of Eureka County increased slightly over the course of the past ten years, the number of those in the age group of 20 to 34 year-olds decreased by 37.7 percent. As a consequence, the median age of Eureka County residents increased from 33.3 years to 38.3 years of age from 1990 to 2000. This decrease is of some concern as the 20 to 34 age group is the basis for future economic growth in the County.
Source: University of Nevada, Reno, Center for Economic Development
U.S. Census Bureau
State of Nevada Demographer
Population Distribution by Race (2000)Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Demographic Indicators (1999)
Births Rate -- 8.29 per 1,000 (16 births)
Source: Department of Human Resources, Vital Statistics
Household Type and RelationshipSource: U.S. Census Bureau
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